For the entrepreneurs who’ve decided to embark on the journey of self-employment or freelancing in Portugal, or those who have already set sail on this exciting adventure, there’s a crucial anchor point that demands your attention: registering as a freelancer in Portugal.
In this comprehensive guide, we set out to demystify the process of registering as a freelancer in Portugal.
Who can become a Freelancer in Portugal?
Eligibility to work as a freelancer in Portugal is generally open to everyone, as there are no major restrictions as seen in some other EU countries. As long as individuals are in the country legally on a valid visa or permit, they can pursue freelance work.
However, it is crucial to comply with specific legal and tax requirements governing freelancing in Portugal to operate legally and successfully as a freelancer.
Advantages of working as a Freelancer in Portugal
Being a freelancer in Portugal offers many advantages, but it also comes with responsibilities such as tax compliance and social security contributions. If you are ready to embark in this journey here are some of the advantages of working as a freelancer in Portugal:
Flexible Lifestyle: Freelancers in Portugal often enjoy the flexibility to set their own work hours and choose projects that align with their interests and skills. This flexibility allows for a better work-life balance.
Diverse Opportunities: Portugal’s growing economy and increasing international presence provide freelancers with a wide range of job opportunities across various industries, including tech, tourism, and creative fields.
Tax Benefits: Portugal offers tax incentives for new residents, including freelancers, under the Non-Habitual Resident (NHR) program. This program can lead to significant tax savings, especially for retirees and some professionals.
Access to the EU Market: Portugal’s membership in the European Union provides freelancers with access to a large market of potential clients and collaborators throughout Europe.
Thriving Freelance Community: Portugal has a vibrant freelance community with networking opportunities, co-working spaces, and events that help freelancers connect, share knowledge, and grow their businesses.
Cost of Living: While some areas, like Lisbon and Porto, have a higher cost of living, Portugal overall offers a relatively affordable lifestyle compared to many other Western European countries.
Is better to start a business or become a Freelancer in Portugal?
When establishing your business presence in Portugal, you face the choice between launching an individual company or registering as a freelancer. Typically, if you’re operating solo, creating a company may not be the most practical route.
As a freelancer or independent worker (trabalhador independente), you maintain a flexible association with multiple clients rather than being tied to a single entity.
Opting for freelance status offers several advantages over forming a company. These include lower social security contributions and tax exemptions for earnings below €12,500, particularly benefiting certain types of occupations.
Running a business also requires you to hire of a full-time that can cost monthly from €250.
Required Documents to Register as a Freelancer in Portugal
To register as a freelancer in Portugal, you will need to provide several essential documents and identification numbers. Here’s a breakdown of the required documents:
1. Numero de Identificacao Fiscal (NIF): The NIF, also known as the Fiscal Identification Number, is a unique tax identification number that is crucial for any financial activity in Portugal.
If you are from a country outside the EU/EEU you will need to appoint a tax representative. Your tax representative can be an individual or company residing in Portugal.
2. IBAN: The International Bank Account Number (IBAN) is necessary for receiving payments and managing your finances as a freelancer. You can obtain an IBAN by opening a bank account in Portugal. It’s recommended to choose a bank that offers suitable services for freelancers.
3. Certificate of Residency: This certificate verifies your legal right to live and work in Portugal. To obtain it, you can visit the Junta de Freguesia (local parish council) with the following documents.
- Your NIF.
- A rental contract or proof of accommodation in Portugal.
- Your passport or identity card.
4. NISS (Numero de Identificacao de Seguranca Social): The NISS, or Social Security Identification Number, is necessary for registering with the Portuguese Social Security system (Segurança Social) since Freelancers are required to contribute to Social Security in Portugal.
How to get a Portuguese freelance work visa?
Obtaining a Portuguese freelance work visa involves a specific process for non-EU/EEA nationals who wish to live and work as freelancers in Portugal.
You need to apply for a long-term residence visa for self-employment (trabalho independente) at the nearest Portuguese consulate or embassy in their home country and deliver the following documents:
- Visa application form
- Valid passport.
- Proof of accommodation in Portugal.
- Proof of financial means (e.g., bank statements or a letter from a sponsor).
- Health insurance covering Portugal.
- Relevant professional qualifications or certifications.
- Criminal record check (police clearance certificate) from your home country.
- Fiscal Number and Portuguese Bank Account
How to apply for a Social Security number (NISS) in Portugal?
Applying for a Social Security number (Número de Identificação de Segurança Social or NISS) in Portugal is a crucial step for freelancers and self-employed individuals. You need to apply to Social Security Number at least six months after started your activity.
Here’s a general guide on how to apply for a NISS:
Gather Required Documents
- Valid identification: You will need to present your passport /national identity card.
- Proof of residence in Portugal, such as a rental contract or utility bill.
- Fiscal Identification Number (NIF): Ensure you have obtained your NIF from the tax authorities.
Schedule your appointment
Contact social security line (300 502 502 ) and schedule an appointment for your NISS application.
Attend the social security Appointment
Visit the Social Security office in person on the scheduled date and time. Be sure to bring all required documents with you. Fill out the necessary forms provided by the Social Security office.
Receive Your NISS
Once your application is approved, you will be issued a NISS. This unique identification number will
Step by Step Guide to Registering as a Freelancer in Portugal
Step 1: Obtain Your NIF (Fiscal Identification Number): Start by obtaining your NIF, which is essential for tax purposes.
Step 2: Request a Password for Tax Authority’s Website: You will need a password to access the tax authority’s website. It’s recommended to request this password in advance through the Finance Portal. It typically takes one week for delivery.
Step 3: Provide Business Information: During registration, you will need to provide the following business information:
- Starting date of your business activity.
- Description of the services you offer. Most trades fall under Article 151 of the CIRS (Income Tax Code).
- Estimate your annual income, whether it’s less or more than €10,000 per year (this affects your VAT obligations).
- Your bank account details (IBAN)
Step 4: Choose Your Accounting Framework: Decide between the simplified (regime simplificado) or organized (contabilidade organizada) accounting framework.
- Simplified Option: This is commonly chosen and doesn’t require hiring an accountant. However, it doesn’t allow for business expense deductions.
- Organized Option: If your annual earnings exceed €200,000, you must adopt the organized regime and engage an accountant to manage your financial matters.
Income Tax for Freelancers in Portugal
Income tax for freelancers in Portugal, often referred to as Personal Income Tax (Imposto sobre o Rendimento das Pessoas Singulares or IRS), is levied on the income earned by self-employed individuals.
Portugal uses a progressive tax system for individuals, including freelancers. The income tax rates can vary depending on the total annual income. Individuals in the lowest income category will be subject to a 14.5% tax rate, while those in the highest income bracket will face a 48% tax rate.
Moreover, if your annual earnings exceed 80,000 euros, you’ll also have an obligation to pay a solidarity tax, which falls within the range of 2.5% to 5%.
Tax Deductions for Freelances in Portugal
Freelancers in Portugal can benefit from various tax deductions and allowances, which can help reduce their taxable income. These deductions may include:
- Health and education expenses.
- Mortgage interest.
- Donations to recognized charitable organizations.
- Retirement savings contributions.
- Business-related expenses.
It’s important to keep thorough records of your income and expenses to accurately claim deductions and reduce your taxable income.
IRS Declaration for Freelancers in Portugal
In addition to quarterly payments, freelancers are required to submit an annual income tax return by April 30 of the following year. This return reconciles your actual income and expenses, allowing you to adjust for any overpayments or underpayments made during the year.
Social Security Contributions for Freelancers
Freelancers in Portugal are also required to make social security contributions (Segurança Social) based on their income. These contributions provide access to social benefits, including healthcare and pension benefits.
Upon your registration as self-employed in Portugal, you will enjoy a 12-month grace period during which you are exempt from social security contributions. Following this initial period, you will be required to declare your earnings every quarter by submitting an online quarterly report (known as “declaração trimestral”).
In Portugal, self-employed individuals are subject to a social security rate of 21.4%. However, for individual entrepreneurs, this rate increases to 25.2%.
VAT for Freelancers in Portugal
Value Added Tax (VAT) for freelancers in Portugal, known as Imposto sobre o Valor Acrescentado (IVA), is an important aspect of financial management when operating as a self-employed professional
Freelancers in Portugal are generally required to register for VAT if their annual turnover (total sales) exceeds €12,500 of annual turnover. Those who earn less than €12,500 a year are exempt from charging VAT.
Periodic VAT Declaration (Declaração periódica de IVA)
Once your earnings exceed the €12,500 threshold, you are required to notify the tax authority and you will be required to make quarterly income tax payments (prestações de conta) based on estimated earnings. These payments are made in March, June, September, and December. The amount is calculated based on your projected annual income and the applicable tax rate.
VAT Rates in Portugal
Standard Rate (Taxa Normal): The standard VAT rate is 23%. This rate applies to most goods and services.
Reduced Rate (Taxa Reduzida): A reduced VAT rate of 13% is applicable to specific items like certain food products, books, and more.
Intermediate Rate (Taxa Intermediária): An intermediate rate of 6% applies to certain services such as restaurant meals and renovation services.
Zero Rate (Taxa Zero): Some goods and services, like exports and international transportation, are taxed at a 0% VAT rate.
Exempt (Isento): Certain services, like healthcare and education, are VAT exempt.
How to issue an invoice as a Freelancer in Portugal?
1. Access the Online Invoice System: Visit the Portuguese tax authority’s website, known as Portal das Finanças.
2. Locate the Invoice Section: Use the website’s search function to find the section related to “recibos verdes” (green receipts) or invoices.
3. Fill in the Invoice Form: Complete the required information on the online invoice form. This includes details about your business, the client, the services or products provided, and the corresponding amounts.
4. Generate the Invoice: Once you’ve filled out the form, you can generate the invoice in PDF format. This PDF can be sent to your client.
5. Issue a Receipt: After your client has made the payment, you are obligated to issue a receipt. This receipt serves as proof of payment and should include details such as the payment date, amount paid, and your business information.
6. Consider a Fatura-Recibo: As an alternative to issuing a separate invoice and receipt, you can provide a “fatura-recibo.” This document serves as both an invoice and a receipt, making it convenient when clients have paid for services or products upfront.
Why choose to work with us?
We know Portugal. Due to our extensive local knowledge, we believe that concentrating our services in a single country destination is the best way to give you the most thorough and useful information.
One single channel of communication for the entire process. We provide you with a comprehensive service that covers all aspects of your move, from identifying the ideal residency visa to finding your new home or helping you to settle.
We recommend what’s best for you based on an extensive process experience that saves time and money to clients. Our pricing is clear and competitive, and we don’t sell services that make us more money.
Technology plays a very important role in our company. We minimize our clients’ involvement in paperwork. We are customers ourselves and we know how to serve you.
Frequently asked questions about Registering as a Freelancer in Portugal
Who needs to register as a freelancer in Portugal?
Anyone who intends to work as a self-employed individual, providing goods or services in Portugal, must register as a freelancer.
What is the first step in registering as a freelancer?
The first step is obtaining a NIF (Fiscal Identification Number) from the tax authorities. It’s a crucial requirement for tax purposes.
What information do I need to provide during registration?
You’ll need to provide details such as the starting date of your business activity, a description of the services you offer, your estimated annual income, and your bank account details (IBAN).
What is the difference between the simplified and organized accounting frameworks?
The simplified option is commonly chosen and doesn’t require hiring an accountant, but it doesn’t allow for business expense deductions. The organized option is mandatory if your annual earnings exceed €200,000 and involves hiring an accountant.
Are there any exemptions for social security contributions?
Freelancers are generally exempt from paying social security for the first 12 months after registration.
What are the VAT obligations for freelancers in Portugal?
VAT obligations depend on your annual income. If your income exceeds €12,500, you may be required to charge and report VAT. The specific VAT rates vary based on the nature of your services or products.
Is it necessary to issue invoices and receipts in Portugal?
Yes, it’s essential to issue invoices for your services or products. After receiving payment, you must also provide receipts to clients. A combined “fatura-recibo” can be used when clients pay upfront.
Can I get assistance or guidance for the registration process?
Yes, you can seek assistance from local tax authorities or consider consulting with a tax professional or relocation agencies who is knowledgeable about Portuguese tax regulations.
What are the consequences of not registering as a freelancer in Portugal?
Operating without proper registration can lead to legal and tax issues, including fines and penalties. It’s essential to comply with registration and reporting requirements.